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Chronic knee pain and treatment

Chronic knee pain and treatment Knee is one of the important and large joints of the human body. It is mainly made up of three bones ie femur, patella and tibia or shin bone. The joint is covered with synovial membrane. Synovial fluid is produced from this membrane and this fluid prevents frictional wear of the knee. Apart from that, various types of ligaments, muscles, bursae, capsule and some other important soft tissues surround the joint. A network of many nerves surrounds the joint. Causes of knee pain Osteoarthritis of the knee; This is called osteoarthritis in medical terms. The cartilage in the knee bones starts to wear down first. As a result, the space between the joints decreases and causes pain. It usually occurs with age. If the synovial fluid produced in the joint decreases, the knee bones rub against each other. If the articular cartilage breaks down. If the ligament is injured. If the surgery is not successful after the injury or if the knee is not used for normal activities of daily living after the surgery. From various inflammations or inflammations in the joints. If the weight increases and the pressure on the knee is more. Knee injury, heavy lifting, constant climbing of stairs.

Also due to ankylosing spondylitis and rheumatoid arthritis. Low production of synovial fluid causes knee pain, while excess fluid accumulates at the back of the knee. As a result, the knee joints become stiff and painful. treatment Treatment of the patient’s symptoms: In this case, the treatment is mainly based on the symptoms. For example, if a patient presents with severe knee pain, providing pain relief; If there is a problem in bending the knee, its solution etc. Treatment of the causes: In this case, the cause of the disease is first found and then the treatment is given after the diagnosis. That is, to diagnose whether there is muscle weakness and contraction along with structural changes in the knee, and give treatment. Modern treatment to solve such problems is physiotherapy with integrated treatment methods. It includes various types of therapeutic exercises including electromedicine, clinical dry needle, shock wave therapy.